Energy Tip: Save the Environment Through Composting

Did you know food scraps and yard waste make up 20-30% of what we toss? Put that waste to better use by composting and help save the planet in the process.

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All you need are three ingredients.

  • Browns: Materials like dead leaves, branches and twigs provide carbon.
  • Greens: Materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps and coffee grounds provide nitrogen.
  • Water: Important for compost development when added to browns and greens, water provides moisture and breaks down organic matter.

Composting in your yard.
To start your compost pile, you should:

  • Have equal amounts of browns and greens and alternate layers of different-sized particles.
  • Pick a dry, shady spot near a water source.
  • Add browns and greens as you collect them and chop larger pieces up.
  • Moisten dry materials as needed.
  • Once established, add grass clippings and green waste into the pile and bury fruit and vegetable waste under 10-inches of compost material.

Composting indoors.
If you don’t have the outdoor space, you can compost indoors using a special kind of bin, which you can get at most hardware or garden supply stores.

How composting helps the environment.

  • Enriches soil by retaining water and decreasing erosion. It helps suppress plant diseases and pests.
  • Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
  • Aids in the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to produce a nutrient-filled humus.
  • Keeps materials out of landfills, reducing methane gases and lowering your carbon footprint.
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